Everyone knows that the human body is composed of mostly water and we must continually take in pure clean water throughout the day to stay healthy and happy. More and more people are resorting to alternative beverages like flavored waters and sodas as a result of concerns over the purity of tap water in our homes. The absence of safe drinking water should not be an excuse to drink unhealthy beverages containing mass amounts of high calorie, high fructose corn syrup. If we can replace these beverages from our diets with safe filtered drinking water, we can decrease the amount of calories we consume and replenish our bodies with its most critical necessity, water.
Most bodies of water are polluted with some type of contaminant that threatens our health if we consume the un filtered water it contains. Nearly all communities have some type of water treatment facility to filter and treat drinking water, but are they safe. Recently in our community the Water Authority was fined by the EPA because of violations in their treatment process. Several of the water filter stages were inoperable, sending millions of gallons of unfiltered drinking water to our homes. These types of incidents are what cause many families to begin researching the best types of water filters for their homes. Water Filtration Headquarters will help take the mystery out of the best types of water filters for your home and review the best water filters to install.
Home water filtration systems were very popular years age when many homes relied on well water for drinking. Water was nearly always too soft or too hard and needed to be treated. As communities developed and processes for chemically treating water became more prevalent home filtrations systems were being replaced by municipal water. Today many rural homes that have well or spring water use home filtration systems and ironically probably have much safer water than we consume with the municipal disinfectant, fluoride laced water that our governments calls safe.
There are many types of home water filtration systems available on the market. We will list some of the best water filtration systems for home use based on the types of contaminants that you may be concerned with. The following is a list of some of the types of contaminants you may face in your drinking water whether you have municipal or well water.
Lead: Older homes (built before 1986) probably have copper pipes. Copper pipe joints and connections were sealed using solder which contained lead. over time the lead can leach from the solder into your water running through the pipes. Even if you know for sure that the pipes in your home are not soldered with lead the water treatment plant in your community may contain lead soldering in its piping. If this is a possibility you should have your water tested by a laboratory to know for sure. Lead filters should be installed as close to the faucet as possible to ensure that it filters all the lead. Typically these filters are called under sink water filters and are installed…you guessed it… under the sink in kitchens and bathrooms.
Dirt and Rust: In some cases particles may be present in your water that are visible to the naked eye. These particles may not be visible at first but as water sits in a water glass, vase, toilet etc.. they can be seen collecting at the bottom. Most times this type of contaminant is caused by deteriorated piping in older homes. The flow of water picks up particles as it passes over an and not only is it unsafe to drink it can also damage appliances. Whole house water filters can capture these contaminants.
Parasitic and Bacterial Contaminants: Well and spring water sources typically contain bacteria and parasites. These contaminants are naturally occurring and not all are bad for you. Unfortunately it is nearly impossible to filter out the bad without filtering the good. Many of the bad bacteria and parasites come from poorly treated water or water contaminated with waste from either animals or humans. This type of contamination can affect the smell or taste of water. Cryptosporidium and Giardia are chlorine resistant parasites and can only be treated with reverse osmosis filters or in-line Ultra Violet type filters.
Types of Filtration:
Reverse Osmosis Filter
Reverse Osmosis Filters can be attached as an inline filter and the water can be extracted from the faucet. They can be effective for most well water and municipal systems but always test to make sure. Reverse Osmosis Filters are very effective at reducing heavy metals such as chromium and lead as well as other contaminants like fluoride (added at the water treatment facility), arsenic and radon (occurring naturally in the ground). Some Reverse Osmosis Filters utilize an extra stage filtering process by including activated carbon filters to remove what the Reverse Osmosis Filter would miss.
Water Softeners or Ion Exchange Filters
Water is considered hard when it contains calcium or magnesium that can cause scaling pipes and other metal appliances. Water softeners remove this calcium and magnesium from water by replacing it with sodium making the water “soft”. Inside the water softener are small plastic beads that are coated with sodium and get charged with a low level of electricity. When the hard water runs over the beads the calcium or magnesium replace the sodium. So essentially the beads work like a magnet for the contaminants. When the beads are covered with hard minerals the system will periodically rinse the beads and reactivate them with sodium. Most systems differ in how the beads are cleaned and reactivated.
Water Distillers work by boiling water and capturing the steam. As the steam cools and condenses that water is drained into a container for use. Water Distillers when used with a activated carbon filters remove over 99 percent of the contaminants. Water Distillers are notoriously slow to produce water and you run the risk of leaking because they have small holding tanks and boil the water which creates pressure. Most water distillers connect to the water line to feed the system however they do not attach directly to your faucet and produce flowing water. Water Distillers fill a container or coffee pot type device and the water is poured from there for use
Activated Carbon and Carbon Block Filters
Activated carbon filters are one of the most commonly used filtering system for both water and air. As a water filter, activated carbon removes chemicals from water including pesticides and herbicides that may be found in some water sources. With the loose carbon in the filter water can create tunnels in the filter and this can lead to some of the water not getting filtered. To combat this issue “Carbon Block” filters were created that form a solid surface that is resistant to tunneling. The carbon block also allows manufacturers to filter for smaller particles of contaminants that a typical activated carbon filter would miss.
Best Types of Water Filters
Now that we have looked at the types of contaminants that can affect your tap water we will review the types of filter systems available to clean your water and remove those contaminants. You should select the appropriate system for your needs and in some cases more than one type may be needed. Different filtering systems are better for different applications. Under-sink filters are more appropriate for contamination that may be in your water lines inside your home while Whole-home filtration systems may be necessary to cover all your piping.
Water Filter Pitchers: Water Filter Pitcher are very popular and extremely easy to use. Just pour water in the top and pour clean filtered water out. Typically they utilize activated carbon or carbon block filtering which removes smells and tastes from water. They relatively inexpensive to purchase initially but long term costs can add up with filter replacement.
Countertop Water Filters: These filters are just as easy to install as faucet mounted filters but they sit on top of the counter. They offer about the same level of filtration as the water filter faucets but can be camouflaged a little easier. Countertop water filters are typically connected to the faucet with only a small hose running to the unit itself.
Water Filter Faucet: The benefit a water filter faucet is that you don’t need to have a plumber on standby or buy a bunch of plumbing tools to install. Most times they just screw into the faucet and its finished. They can be a great quick and easy install without much investment to make improvements to your drinking water. However, they don’t make the best improvement to your kitchen décor. They can be a little unsightly but if that doesn’t bother you then it can serve its purpose. A water filter faucet do a great job of removing tastes and odors from water. A water filter faucet will not remove as many types of contaminants as some of the other types of filters because of their size but they are typically more affordable to offer some level of protection.
Undersink Filters: You need to make sure you select the right under sink water filter for your needs. There are several types but the most common are Reverse Osmosis Filters or Water Distillers. Both remove a lot of particles and minerals from your water but in some cases the distillers can remove too many minerals leaving the water void of everything or as some call it “dead water”. Reverse Osmosis Filters do not remove as many minerals from the water still leaving some healthy minerals however they may not remove enough from certain water sources. Water Distillers work be stripping particles with lower bi=oiling points than water while Reverse Osmosis Filters remove particles smaller than a water particle.
Whole-House Water Filters: These Filters connect near your main water line where it enters the house in order to filter all of the water in your home and not just protect your drinking water. In some cases these filters are all that is needed to filter your homes water but also serve as a great pre-filter when used in conjunction with other types of water filtration systems. Whole-House water filters not only remove particles from drinking water but also remove contaminants that can ruin your appliances.
Alkaline Water Filters: Alkaline water filters are becoming more and more popular and many athletes and celebrities are speaking out about the positive effects of alkaline water filters. Tap water runs over electrically charges plates in the unit and the water actually separates acidic and alkaline water (measured by pH). The acidic water comes out at a different tap and can be used for cleaning and many women like to wash their faces with it. The alkaline water flows out of a different tap and is used for consumption. The benefits of alkaline water filters are discussed here.
Best Home Water Filter Reviews
Water Filtration Headquarters
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